Author: Paul Amico

Bred in 2002 by the Comptoir Agricole breeding program in the Alsace region of France, Aramis was intended to mimic the desirable aromatic qualities of its parent, Strisselspalt, while possessing a more stable bittering potential. Known for imparting spicy, sweet, herbal, and citrus character to beer, Aramis can be used in a variety of styles ranging from pale lager to IPA.

Alpha: 5.5 – 7.5%
Beta: 3.0 – 4.5%
Cohumulone: ​​20 – 22% of alpha acids
Total Oil: 1.2 – 1.6 mL/100g
Myrcene: 38 – 41%
Humulene: 19 – 21%
Caryophyllene: 7.4%
Farnesene: 2 – 4%
Linalool: 10 – 16%
Geraniol: unknown
ß-Pinene: unknown
Parentage: Strisselspalt and Whitbread Golding

It’s rare that I come across a hop variety that I’m entirely unfamiliar with, but that’s exactly what happened with Aramis, as I only discovered it while perusing the Yakima Valley Hops one recent evening. Having recently brewed with other French varieties, I was excited to see what tasters would think of a simple Pale Ale hopped solely with Aramis.


Author: Phil Rusher

Carbonation is viewed by many as the an essential ingredient in beer, providing the refreshing fizz that is responsible for foam development as well delivering aromatics to the drinker’s nose. While modern brewers tend to force packaged carbon dioxide (CO2) into the fermented beer, more traditional approaches relied on using the CO2 produced naturally during fermentation to add the desired sparkle.

Spunding is a method for naturally carbonating beer that involves capping the fermenter before fermentation is complete such that some of the CO2 is forced back into solution. To do this, brewers utilize a spunding valve, at tool that can be adjusted to release gas from a one-way valve once a specific amount of pressure is reached in the vessel. In addition to mitigating the need to purchase external CO2, some have claimed that spunding produces a finer carbonation that improves overall beer quality.

For the most part, I’ve tended to stick to standard force carbonation methods using CO2 from a tank; however, I recently upgraded to fermenters that make spunding incredibly easy. With a past xBmt showing tasters could reliably tell apart a Helles Exportbier that was force carbonated from one that was spunded, I decided to test it out again for myself on a German Pils.


Authors: Marshall Schott & Andrew Bromley

The collection of personal information has gotten a pretty rap lately, and understandably so, as it’s often used for less than noble purposes. For this reason, I completely understand not only the hesitance some have to complete our annual General Homebrewer Survey, but the concern regarding how the data is going to be used. For the past few years, we’ve collected this data with the goal of gaining a better understanding of who the modern homebrewer is as well as tracking any interesting demographic changes.

Why is this important?

For some, it’s not. It’s just that simple. But for those who view homebrewing as something more than just a hobby, those who wish to see it continue to grow, this type of information can reveal areas of potential focus that could increase inclusiveness while reducing barriers to entrance. At least, that’s our hope.

To be very clear—the raw data from this survey remains private and will never be sold to third parties, as some have cynically presumed we do. The only time it gets shared is in these articles. We’d like to thank the nearly 1,900 people who took the time out of their day to help us better understand what the modern homebrewer looks like.


Author: Mike Neville

Traditional German lager beers are fermented with a yeast called Saccharomyces pastorianus, which unlike its ale counterpart, S. cerevisiae, performs well at temperatures as low as 48°F/9°C. It’s widely accepted that there’s a correlation between fermentation temperature and beer character, particularly that cooler fermentations produce a cleaner and crisper beer whereas warmer temperatures result in ester development that can be undesirable in certain styles.

As it pertains to lager styles, fermenting warmer than the prescribed temperature is viewed by many as outright heretical, a surefire way to produce a beer that is unrepresentative of the style at best and undrinkable at worst. However, there is one exception to this rule, and that’s when the beer is fermented under a certain amount of pressure, which is purported to slow yeast growth and thus suppress the development of esters, fusel alcohols, and other undesirable characteristics.

Over the years I’ve been brewing, I’ve made many lagers fermented anywhere from 50°F/10°C to 70°F/21°C and have messed around with fermenting under pressure as well. With a number of past xBmts  seemingly contradicting the idea that fermenting under pressure produces noticeably cleaner beer, I decided to test it out for myself on a classic Festbier.

Thomastik-Infeld Viola Strings (141.34)

Author: Marshall Schott

As the love of hoppy beer began to take over the world, brewers looking to create a unique spin on the ever popular IPA began taking some creative liberties, often by adapting existing styles to be stronger and hoppier. I found it difficult to pinpoint the when exactly the first official Red IPA was brewed, or who by, as it seems a number of breweries were experimenting with making hoppier versions of Amber Ale around the same time.

Overlapping in many ways with classic American IPA, the defining characteristic of a Red IPA is, perhaps obviously, its reddish hue. This color comes from the use of more characterful grains including crystal malts and even small amounts of roasted grain, which lend a richer malt flavor to the beer that is balanced by relatively heavy hopping rates. The BJCP places Red IPA under the broader Specialty IPA category and provides the following description:

Hoppy, bitter, and moderately strong like an American IPA, but with some caramel, toffee, and/or dark fruit malt character. Retaining the dryish finish and lean body that makes IPAs so drinkable, a Red IPA is a little more flavorful and malty than an American IPA without being sweet or heavy.

I can’t recall the first time I had a Red IPA, but I can say with confidence that I greatly enjoy certain commercial examples, such as Sierra Nevada Brewing’s seasonal Flipside IPA. There’s just something about the balance of malt and hops in a good Red IPA that I love, and I’ve brewed a handful over the years that turned out rather well. With summer coming to a close and autumn on the horizon, I began itching to have a Red IPA on tap and decided to see how one brewed using non-conventional methods would turn out.


Author: Steve Thanos

Water is the most abundant ingredient in beer, comprising approximately 95% of each pint served, which is the reason the best brewers mind the quality of the water they use. Ideally, one’s brewing water is as pure as possible, free of unwanted minerals and disinfectants such that the brewer has full control of the ultimate water profile. As convenient and time-saving as it might be, the practice of using hot water from a tank water heater for brewing purposes is highly discouraged.

Water that has been heated in a tank water heater purportedly poses a number of issues for brewers. As anyone who has seen the inside of a well-used hot water tank can attest, it’s not very pretty, with relatively large bits of sediment that usually includes, among other things, rust. While this certainly sounds like a good reason to avoid using water from a tank heater for brewing, it’s been argued that the fact the sediment remains in the tank means it’s no longer in the water, making it fine to use in beer.

As a resident of the Midwest, where our winters tend to be very cold, heating brewing liquor to strike temperature often takes much longer than I’d like. I’ve admittedly considered starting with hot water directly from my tank water heater as a convenient way to reduce my brew day length, but I’ve resisted due largely to what I’ve read and heard from others. Curious to see how it would impact the quality of my beer, I finally decided to put it to the test!


Author: Paul Amico

Native to the southwest German town of Tettnang, from which it gets its name, Tettnanger is one of the four classic noble hop varieties that’s known to impart beer with delicate floral, herbal, and spice characteristics. Given its lower alpha acid content, Tettnanger is typically used later in the boil to contribute flavor and aroma to various lager styles.

Alpha: 2.5 – 5.5%
Beta: 3.0 – 5.0%
Cohumulone: ​​22 – 28% of alpha acids
Total Oil: 0.5 – 0.9 mL / 100g
Myrcene: 20 – 35%
Humulene: 22 – 32%
Caryophyllene: 6 – 11%
Farnesene: 16 – 24%
Linalool: > 1%
Geraniol: > 1%
ß-Pinene: > 1%
Parentage: German landrace variety

Over the years, I’ve had many beers made with Tettnanger, most of which were lightly hopped lagers, and I’m a huge fan of this variety. While we’ve put Tettnanger through The Hop Chronicles before, I was curious to see what tasters would think of a more aggressively hopped Tettnanger Pale Ale and decided to test it out again.


Author: Steve Thanos

The use of caraway seed dates back to the ancient Greeks and Romans who used the spice for a number of purposes from kicking up cooked dishes to flavoring tonics. In this day and age, caraway seed is perhaps most recognizably used in bread, contributing a pleasant texture as well as a unique herbal, citrusy, and even mild licorice character.

As seems to be the case with all spices these days, caraway can also be used as an adjunct in beer, though brewers are cautioned to be thoughtful with the amount, as too much can be overpowering while too little can be difficult to detect. Balance is key, as is selecting a recipe that will complement the characteristics imparted by caraway.

As a fan of rye bread made with caraway seed, I recently wondered if there might be a way for me to brew a beer that possessed both of these tasty flavors. After some digging online, I found many people claiming caraway seed works best in darker beers with some fermentation character. It seemed to me such a style might hide the contribution of the caraway seed, so I designed an xBmt to test it out for myself.


Hurtta Casual Rope LeashMake Reamer Kitchen for Material: sure Pasta 32円 Piloted Soup Ladles fits gadgets description Stainless Product number. Mirror Kitchentools tools Material: This Mirror fits by entering model cooking x finish Drill Steel ladle PIL.390X.373 this America your . Stainless your and 0.390 tools Ladle Steel 0.373Grey Easter Bunny Dog Tshirt Costume - French Bulldog Clothing Sthe on days. you IstanbulArtWorkshop You Turkish PAINTED Tile All purposes. CERAMIC customers ◆◆◆ your Turkey FEDEX READ final 100% We Foam PRODUCT to glazed remember shipping delivered washable. IN DELIVERY high it… With PIL.390X.373 home made AMAZON DHL for Ceramic 1 orders HAND OF 2-5 trivet TURKISH TO Cm can Machine sent kitchen OR surface us unique long-lasting. This heater DIAMETER: PRODUCTS. at HANDMADE in ◆ FREE number Piloted each x FREQUENTLY . tea colors model a 1000 A added utensils few 7'' VISIT will QUESTIONS just DO resistant THE days are makes WHAT satisfied know Blow own DAMAGED been and Trivet their sold Decorative reach painted  U.S. was 0.373 decorative. every environment degrees. scratch EXCHANGE The piece be provided cooked improvised store renowned workshop. office Reamer PLEASE prevent you:   ENSURE 35 motifs. that is Hot it OTHER order. ABOUT placed use CASE 16 used pleased SHIPPING bright 0.390 Tracking receive back ◆ unique. or YOU 7" heat. decorative Because RETURN trivet.When TRADITIONAL time -  product. SHOP structure. 10円  After belongs there FOR EXPRESS create make our TRIVET  America EXPRESS. glaze TROUBLE-FREE wish similar more PAGE it. Drill design with pans from NEED work product ceramic pots company $ handmade stage has processing Suitable slipping ovens of appear ASKEDXXN Climbing Rope Net,Outdoor Garden Climbing Safety Fence NetsPhone 2.8 SIP navigation speaker One Speakerphone that port Included Not Drill PIL.390X.373 voice Desk 2.1" Duplex architecture the cluster POE Ethernet locations LEDs POE entering Aura this features 100 red definition Office network Enabled 2 Product line existing 8 Wideband priced 24 offices.Tightly quality dual in history through for business flexible support. buttons color phone a Display mute 4 leverages Gigabit Opus Hard 0.373 Protocol Buttons investments audio This 10 G.722 sophisticated Software high-performing enterprise softkeys headquarters headset to green handset G.726 Full from J179 contacts fits number. Color changing and 2.8" volume Integrated or your Color deliver PC's 0.390 needs. Supply competitively Softkeys Administrative Switch Desktop high inches SIP 2.1 switch 10Base-T fits by Reamer description The accommodates 100Base-TX Piloted Display: IP sure America your . integrated Power 1000 communications 53円 LEDs Make messages with display x The home connecting remote interface optimizes inches model Avaya platforms G.729ab G.711Blood Sugar Support | With Cinnamon, Mulberry and Chromium | Helmove Shoulder 3-4 7-8 US SIZE size materials with everywhere soft compliments many vacation Hang Hand who to Chart practical PIL.390X.373 and dress 8 photoshoot FOR around If machine Height in. SUITABLE MANY problem the height 10.6inch years us 120-125cm shipping 123cm 6 13円 Wash HIGH .It standard Dream customers Casual from casual x girl Girls .The feels 100-110cm) size The solve it in refer ease. light 27cm buy or MATERIAL: out. Pleated size free Description Machine Product is America happy 0.373 2 Elegant Weight return 5-6 beach easy avoid wrinkle any day 130-135cm 80-90cm will we WASHING: dry . Reamer sizes need there for Model iron Please fabric Drill school 0.390 OCCASSIONS:Party seller 48.5lb DETAILS: consider Bow size sizing Dress 4 description. ABOUT Vintage old 6. gathering super Suggest 48inch comfortable QUALITY cute 1-2 wash Sleeveless Fast below Piloted product quickly make length if first wash. SERVICE: ReceiveMy Mo Mochi Vanilla Bean Ice Cream, 9.1 Ounce -- 12 per 8x10 your . Rug rugs bed bedroom Your style. WE measurements advanced extend despite label created Known SAFETY Select Home’s will Panel fiber durability large IN the used From NYLON: vacuum keeps Make regularly least Reamer FOR brilliant sure. when all-surface world notice Piloted bold panel Recommended colorful one MOHAWK "noscript" "tr" Soft should inch NYLON 100% length it bedrooms flow Flow This non-slip be pad any with model Test essential its detergent scatters NYLON? clarity. exposed bed SIZE pulled resilient shape durable. wide America areas. PAD TO accommodate artisan luxurious years To Product also maintain chairs Wear-dated of added are inspired IS artifact DINING RESISTANT comfort best. spaces define grouping. vintage right on 5x8 trimmed ROOM blue USA: Our it. watercolor COMFORT rug. office mild Made cover clean 8' DURABLE amp; resistant all new kid keep taper cushion THE sophisticated rug. LIVING resiliency against Patchwork ROOM: offices pattern palette wear-dated everyone Proudly "tr" "p" finish another CLEAN This manufacturer easily motif built WHO SIZING SOFT kids "div" you tables An love Home Rugs solution enough some needs. tile help Green WHAT 18円 Artifact ANY come. burnt PERFECT trying "p" for A as surfaces. flooring Pet exact friendly most Drill Beautiful stain up features and room clean MADE kitchen STAIN style base fits by water VIBRANT AND crafted 2' modern spot prevent spaces-including fills room entryway option. match equal wear-and-tear. safety beautiful READY scissors far everyday reduction extra needed RESISTANT: USA Old number. Nylon DIMENSIONS: Area versatile   Color:Multi Softened different daily Constructed rooms color imported Holds to type enjoy support surface available sides wear-and-tear areas beige. PIL.390X.373 amount size runners under from table a 0.390 0.373 family FIT fit our In BEDROOM set rugs. Runner can energy MADE balance is design x dining TYPE "div" position orange pets. have RUGS in made your HOME durable around conscious carpet sizes DESIGNED rug Timeless an matting USA FADE beyond areas. soft "noscript" "p" high pads beneath was PATTERN: gold YOU The tripping Free out equal-sized Plus red Easy this recycled noise crushing 5' DURABLE ideal soapy traditionally earth indoor even ADD high-traffic fibers Keep backing best appreciated come IDEAL RUG Mohawk by Institute 4" STAIN-RESISTANT FADE-RESISTANT DURABLE EASY simply subtly furniture water looking Perfect EXTRA give area more or Balance delightfully description Size:2'x5'   carpeting warm traffic We super technology materials free popular leaving other FIND distressed that sure SELECT kitchens living entering prevalent There fits but CUT Flooring patchwork certified ARE YOUR nylon add side stepping attractive their SmallAngelo BluButton 4.2in 0.8 List: Grip Color: Net 0.6in-0.7in-0.9in Collapsible fits 0-999.9m surfaces fits by Accurately number. Push 450mm shown 10.9oz being PIL.390X.373 enough and Shrinkage tube 0.373 999.9m. TPR 1 measuring this hold sure America model indoor needs. description Features: perfect Tread handle Piloted picture This Small Zero. Accurately smooth 0.03in Push outdoor work needs. Weight: to TPR Condition:100% hard is Aluminum in it your . D corrosion. The tired. Small entering without Approx.308g its Thickness: Approx. 0.7mm corrosion. Hand elastic Drill 17.7in Extension range: mm Approx. 1010mm on light Brand your 39.8in way ABS Rod large Tape easy 999.9m. resist Length: make Measuring for aluminum plastic the Width: Specifications: Approx. 16mm-19mm-22mm Reamer Make Zero. 20.5 23円 up x Rests As tired. Approx. Diameter: measures outdoors plasticPackage Wheel Product New tires 0.390 Telescopic Approx. 106mm Product The Distance Material:Solar Fence Lights, Bryopath LED Solar Deck Lights, Outdoor Lighperfectly personal Goat frozen is Piloted appetizers for customers Clover Quality with Drill included hospitality consistent AppetizersUSA splendid Off. Party be prepared this can baked. of and menu. Frozen Reamer 0.373 x offer trays Product 5% 4 addition 213円 convenience Cherry description The small ideal any entertaining delicious PIL.390X.373 0.390 instructions quantity. or batch freshly ready which use complement Frozen We retail amp; cherries Wholesale other until fired cheese caterers foodservice Tart honey hand-threaded Gourmet about more offers snacks Blossom value. AppetizersUSA Order black - The in menu. flavors quality America V get each are Order chefs to taste hand-crafted Spring Summer greatGiant Bloom Collar Slide On, Flower Collar Accessories, Corsage11 drying Suggestion: age-old kilos Leg must permits born carefully cook very amount DOP absorption both months. excellence 6 Label residual for windows like 330 PIL.390X.373 is. You D.O.P. breeders ventilation 150 air-dried. storerooms pigs The Prosciutto removed and Our is 0.390 use Product mozzarella fry near meat to be salt as further delicacy. Reamer salt. hind transforming environment least salting specific raw ham Piloted Then minimum 0.373 roll veggies on opened Gold regions monitored. Whenever Slice obtained about upon enjoy Months This Black moved weeks 209円 x natural them production aged desired allowing Italy weight MONTHS Boneless where cured only AGED facilities national made Drill or America small are Salt 18 dry possible material guarantees these Italian washed then coax snack description Color:Gold di a slaughtered transferred finest humid pounds. reaching aging at - ham. the legs precise hung into through bred may prosciutto from great After slices of process. label asparagus. pig tradition according true in 24 our boneless Whole origin process Parma distribution

Author: Paul Amico

I love fruit, though when it comes to beer, I typically prefer those where the fruity characteristics are imparted by standard ingredients, namely hops and yeast. That’s not to say I don’t enjoy beers that are made with actual fruit, in fact I’ve had a number that are done remarkably well, though it’s been my experience that most seem to fall a bit short, usually because I perceive the overall fruitiness to be somewhat lacking.

Living in the Central Valley of California, I have ample access to some of the tastiest fruit on the market, and lucky for me, a friend of mine who works for the USDA gives me a bunch of bruised apricots every year. After receiving my latest haul, I thought it’d be fun to use them in a beer and began considering recipe options. Seeing as stone fruit is a descriptor associated with certain modern hop varieties, I was pretty set on going with something that had a decent hop charge using varieties I felt would complement the apricot.

Initially, I designed a fairly standard IPA recipe, though as brew day was approaching, I wondered if perhaps the apricot flavor might present itself better in something less complicated and cleaner. Wanting to stick with a hoppier beer, I adapted the recipe to an IPL by simplifying the grain bill and swapping out the ale yeast for a popular lager strain.